While building a house, footing and foundations are the 2 main things to be careful about. It is the arms and legs of the house, without a proper footing and foundation the structure won’t be able to support itself as it carries the total weight and the balance of the house. The balance is as important as the structure as both are correlated.
Though not too common in Oklahoma, basements are found in many homes. There are many people who make sure they have a basement in their household. When a basement is built, it goes deep below under the area’s frost depth. It is also required to place an 8 ft wall which encases a 4 inch slab concrete. This space can always be used for an underground workstation or store room even an office. If you setup rigid foam insulation beneath the basement slab you can also enjoy fishing from the basement.
Crawlspaces are very common in most of the houses, like the basements the footing goes deep beyond the frost area. The space between the ceiling and floor gives just enough for someone to crawl through. Most of them have vents for the prevention of moisture. Although it has been seen that instead of cutting off the moisture limit, it accumulates. So it is advisable to cover the area with a concrete slab or even a polythene vapor barrier.
As the name suggest, it is nothing but a huge concrete slab placed over the main living area. It acts the secondary floor for the house. The footing is shallow for this slab and the main purpose of this slab is to distribute the weight of the house equally. Before the slab is laid out, a thin coating of gravel is placed on top of it a wire mesh is placed so that the slab gets enough room for drainage from underneath.
Whether the house is situated on a pier or and the foundation is laid upon a beam or slab, we all know a foundation is the main thing on which the building stands. So that being said, foundation testing or soil testing is immensely important aspect before putting down the foundation. Oklahoma home designers make sure that this step is carried out without any miss. If the foundation is laid on dry or dense soil, even if the structure is not perfectly built the house have any visible deformities like cracks or such, but if the ground is soft with clay it is highly likely the house will not be safe to reside in, let alone cracks.
Keeping it Dry
It has been seen that the moisture in the soil seeps into the concrete making damp. The concretes are not water resistant. Hence the best way to take care of this situation is to apply moisture coating in the outer parts the slab. You can also place hole riddled pipe around the slab which can help to get rid of the excess dampness.
Signals of Trouble
The worst signs of foundation failure are the horizontal cracks which according architectural experts say are the primary indication of the foundation in a compromising state. This type of event is more familiar with the block walls and seldom happens occurs with poured type concrete.
There is a common saying, “a house is just a structure while a home is an emotion”, and we need to be very careful so that our homes are safe for us and for our family. We need to keep in mind some important things before and while making the house so that it is remains safe for us and a long lasting one too.